Take extra care during peak mosquito biting hours to reduce the risk of infection. Avoid the outdoors or take preventive actions (such as appropriate clothing and skin repellent). In NSW, most mosquitoes become active at dawn and dusk, and into the evening.
When traveling overseas it is important to be aware of the biting patterns of the local mosquitoes which transmit diseases. For example:
The mosquitoes that transmit diseases such as dengue, chikungunya, Zika will bite all through the day.
The mosquitoes that transmit malaria are most active at dawn and dusk, and into the evening.
Reduce mosquito risk around the home
Stop adult mosquitoes entering the home by using flyscreens on windows and doors, and screening chimneys, vents and other entrances. Repair any damaged screens. Also consider using a surface insecticide spray in areas where mosquitoes like to rest. During the day, mosquitoes rest and hide in cool shady areas such as in and around the home before emerging at dusk to feed. Make sure you avoid aquaria and fish ponds as fish are acutely sensitive to these insecticides.
Mosquitoes need water to breed and some mosquitoes can breed in very small amounts of water, such as in the water that collects in a discarded soft-drink can. Measures to reduce the risk of mosquitoes breeding in around the home include:
- cleaning up your backyard and removing all water-holding rubbish, including tires and containers
- keeping your lawns mowed
- flushing and wiping out bird baths and water features once a week.
- filling pot plant bases with sand to avoid standing water
- storing anything that can hold water undercover or in a dry place, and keeping bins covered
- flushing out the leaves of water-holding plants such as bromeliads once a week
- keeping drains and roof guttering clear to avoid standing water
- covering or securely screening the openings of septic tanks and rainwater tanks.
- Properly cleaned and chlorinated swimming pools are rarely a source of mosquito breeding but neglected pools can be a haven for mosquitoes.
Reduce mosquito risk around the farm
If you live on a farm, additional precautions are needed to reduce opportunities for mosquitoes to breed. These include:
- keeping dams and ground pools free of vegetation
- checking dam walls and irrigation bays for water leaks
- being careful not to over-irrigate to avoid water collecting in low-lying areas for long periods of time
- not allowing irrigation water to flow into and lie undisturbed in roadside table drains.
Reduce mosquito risk while traveling
In addition to the general protection measures above, travelers should also:
- stay and sleep in screened or air-conditioned rooms
- use a bed net if the area where you are sleeping is exposed to the outdoors. Nets are most effective when they are treated with a pyrethroid insecticide, such as permethrin. Pre-treated bed nets can be purchased before traveling, or nets can be treated after purchase.
- avoid known areas of high mosquito-borne disease transmission or outbreaks. This is particularly important for people at higher risk of complications from mosquito-borne diseases, such as pregnant women if exposed to Zika or malaria.
Reduce Mosquito by MBOX Mosquito Trap
MBOX mosquito trap uses a new and highly effective method to catch mosquitoes. First we have to understand that only female mosquitoes need blood (protein) in order to lay eggs. Female mosquitoes track their victim through CO2 up to a range of 50meters, combined with the sense of smell of H2O, female mosquitoes are very effective in tracking their victim. MBOX mosquito trap uses a new method developed by Akira Fujishima (President of the Tokyo University of Science), this method uses photo catalysis of titanium dioxide (also known as the Honda-Fujishima Effect).
When a titanium dioxide surface is irradiated by light, the photo catalytic effect and hydrophilic are activated together. Any organic chemical in contact with the surface will undergo decomposition to CO2 and H2O and thus releasing a highly attractive smell for female mosquitoes. Once close enough the near-silent fan(less than 29db) of the MBOX insect killer sucks in the mosquito and prevent it from escaping. Because of the near-silent design the MBOX mosquito killer can be placed anywhere without any harm to its environment, like a baby room/bed room/living room etc.